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What Causes Testicular Cancer?

What causes testicular cancer - Testicular cancer is one of the less common cancer and tends to affect mostly men between 15 and 49 years. The most common symptom is a lump without pain or swelling in one testicle. Can be the size of a pea or maybe much larger.

Other symptoms can include:

  • dull aching in the scrotum
  • a feeling of heaviness in the scrotum
What Causes Testicular Cancer?


It is important to realize what feels normal to You. Get to know Your body and see Your doctor if You notice any changes.

The testicles
The testicles are the male sex organs of two oval shaped to sit inside the scrotum on either side of the penis.
Testicles are an important part of the male reproductive system because they produce sperm and the hormone testosterone, which plays a large role in the development of male sexual.

Types of testicular cancer

Types of testicular cancer are classified by the type of cells the cancer started in.
The most common type of testicular cancer is "germ cell cancer", which account for about 95% of all cases. Germ cells are the cell type that the body uses to create sperm.

There are two main subtypes of germ cell testicular cancer. They are:
  • seminomas-which has become more common in the last 20 years and now account for 50-55% of cancer deal with
  • Non-seminomas – which account for the majority and include teratomas, embryonal carcinomas, choriocarcinomas and yolk sac tumors

Both types tend to respond well to chemotherapy.
Type-the type of testicular cancer that are less common include:
  • Leydig cell tumour-which account for about 1-3% of cases
  • Sertoli cell tumour-which account for about 1% of cases
  • lymphoma-accounts for about 4% of the cases

This topic focuses on germ cell cancer. You can contact a specialist cancer support at Macmillan for more information about Leydig cell tumors and tumors of the Sertoli cells. The helpline number 0808 808 00 00 and is Open Monday-Friday, 9 am to 8 pm.

How common is cancer handle?

Cancer is a kind of relatively rare cancer, accounting for only 1% of all cancers that occur in men. About 2,200 people are diagnosed with testicular cancer each year in the Uk.

Handle cancer is unusual compared to other cancers because it tends to affect young men. Although relatively uncommon overall, testicular cancer is the most common type of cancer to affect men aged between 15 and 49.

For unclear reasons, white people have a higher risk of developing testicular cancer compared with men from other tribes.

The number of cases of testicular cancer are diagnosed each year in the Uk roughly doubled since the mid-1970s. Again, the reason for this is obvious.

What Causes Testicular Cancer? The cause of testicular cancer

The exact cause or causes of testicular cancer are not known, but a number of factors have been identified that increase a person's risk of developing it. The three main risk factors described below.

An the testicles
An testicle (cryptorchidism) is the most important risk factor for testicular cancer. About 3-5% of children are born with their testicles inside their abdomen. They usually descend into the scrotum during the first year of life, but some of the boys testicles do not descend. In most cases, undescended testes at the time of a child one year down at the next stage. If the testicles do not descend naturally, an operation known as an orchidopexy can be performed to move the testicle into the proper position in the scrotum.

It is very important that an the testicles move down into the scrotum during early childhood because a child boy with an the testicles have a higher risk of developing testicular cancer from a guy that his testicles descended normally. It is also easier to observe the testicles when they are in the scrotum. Men with testicular an about three times more likely to develop testicular cancer than men that his testicles dropped at birth or soon after.

Family history
Have close relatives with a history of testicular cancer or testicular an increase risk of also developing it.
For example, if the father has testicular cancer, you're about four times more likely to develop than someone with no family history of the condition. If a brother has testicular cancer, you're about eight times more likely to develop.

Events research shows a number of genes may be involved in the development of testicular cancer in families where more than one person has the condition. This is an area where patients and their families can be asked to take part of ongoing research.

What Causes Testicular Cancer? Testicular cancer earlier

People who have previously been diagnosed with testicular cancer are between four to 12 times more likely to develop in the other testicle. For this reason, if You have previously been diagnosed with testicular cancer, it is very important that You keep a close eye on the other testicle. Read: What should my testicles look and feel like?

If You have been diagnosed with testicular cancer, You also need to watch for signs of recurrence for between five and 10 years, so it is very important that You attend follow-up meetings.
Cancer Research UK has more information about the risks of testicular cancer and cause.

Outlook
Cancer is one of the most treatable cancer, and the outlook is one of the best for cancer. In England and Wales, almost all people (99%) survive for a year or more after being diagnosed with testicular cancer, and 98 percent survive five years or more after diagnosis. Cancer Research UK has more information about the survival rate for testicular cancer. Almost everyone who is treated for germ cell tumors of the testicles can be cured, and it is very rare for conditions to go back more than five years later. Treatment almost always includes surgical removal of the affected testicle is-called orchidectomy or orchiectomy-which usually does not affect fertility or ability to have sex. In some cases, chemotherapy, or less often, radiotherapy can be used for seminomas (but not non-seminomas).