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Testicular Cancer: Risk Factors, Symptoms & Diagnosis

Testicular cancer risk factors - Signs and symptoms of testicular cancer include:

  • A lump or enlargement in the testicles better
  • A feeling of heaviness in the scrotum
  • Dull aching in the abdomen or groin
  • A collection of sudden fluid in the scrotum
  • Pain or discomfort in a testicle or the scrotum
  • Enlargement or breast pain
  • Back pain


Cancer usually affects only one testicle.

When to see a doctor

Your doctor if You detect pain, swelling or lumps in testicles or groin area, especially if signs and symptoms last more than two weeks.
Testicular Cancer Risk Factors

Testicular Cancer Risk Factors: The cause


It is not clear what causes testicular cancer in most cases.

Doctors know that testicular cancer occurs when healthy cells in the testes to be changed. Healthy cells grow and divide in an orderly way to keep Your body functioning normally. But sometimes some cells develop abnormalities, causing this growth to get out of control — cancer cells continue to divide even when new cells are not needed. Collect the cells form a mass in the testicles.

Almost all cancers of the testicles start in the germ cells — the cells in the testes that produce sperm that is not mature. What causes germ cells to become abnormal and develop into cancer is not known.


Testicular Cancer: Risk Factors


Factors that may increase the risk of testicular cancer include:

An testicle (cryptorchidism). The testicles are formed in the abdominal area during fetal development and usually descend into the scrotum before birth. Men who have a testicle that never descended are at greater risk of testicular cancer than men that his testicles descended normally. The risk remains high even if the testicle is surgically moved to the scrotum.

However, most of the people who develop testicular cancer do not have a history of an the testicles.

Abnormal development of the testicles. Conditions that cause testicles to develop abnormally, such as Klinefelter's syndrome, may increase the risk of testicular cancer.
The history of the family. If members of the family have testicular cancer, You may have an increased risk.
Age. Cancer affects teens and younger men, particularly between the ages of 15 and 35. However, it can occur at any age.
Race. Handle cancer more common in white men than in black men.