close

How to Check For Testicular Cancer ?

How to check for testicular cancer - Do I have testicular cancer? People who notice a lump, swelling or pain in the groin or the scrotum they may be worried they have testicular cancer. Here we describe the symptoms of testicular cancer and some other problems that can cause symptoms in parts of the body. We also include information on how to do self-examination handle for men who want to do it.

It is not intended to be a complete guide to symptoms testicles, or is it intended to provide medical advice or replace the expertise and judgment of healthcare providers. If You notice a change in Your testicles, You should see a provider so the cause can be found and treated, if necessary.

The testicles

The testicles are the part of the male reproductive system. Adult males, organs 2 are each normally a little smaller than a golf ball. They are contained in a sac of skin called the scrotum, which hangs below the base of the penis.

The testicles have 2 main functions:

  • They make the male hormones, such as testosterone.
  • They make sperm, the cells of the male is needed to fertilize a woman's egg to start a pregnancy.

Sperm cells form inside the testicle and are then stored in the epididymis (EP-ih-Did-eh-mus), a circular small tubes behind each testicle, where they mature.
How to Check For Testicular Cancer

How to Check For Testicular Cancer ?

When a man ejaculate (have an orgasm), sperm cells travel from the epididymis through the vas to the vas (vass / DEF-er-ens) to the seminal vesicles (SIM-uh-nul VES-ih-kuls), where they mix with fluids made by the vesicles, the prostate gland and other glands to form semen. This fluid then travels through the urethra (yoo-REE-thruh) and out through the penis.

Deal with cancer the fact

  • Men of any age can develop testicular cancer, including babies and the elderly.
  • About half of all cases of testicular cancer are in men between the ages of 20 and 34.
  • Handle this cancer is not common; the chance of a lifetime someone to get it is about 1 in 263. The risk of death from this cancer is about 1 in 5,000.
  • Handling cancer can be treated and usually cured, especially when found early – when it is small and has not spread.


Symptoms of testicular cancer


You can not be sure You have testicular cancer from symptoms, so it is very important to see a health care provider about the symptoms of the testicles that to Your attention. Don't wait.
  • The most common symptom of testicular cancer is a lump that is painful or testicles.
  • Sometimes the testicle may become swollen or larger, without a lump. (It is normal for one testicle to be slightly larger than the other, and for one to hang lower than the other.)
  • Some testicular tumors might cause pain, but most of the time they don't. Men with testicular cancer may also have a feeling of heaviness or pain in the abdomen or scrotum is low.
  • Breast growth or soreness: rarely, cancer can cause male breasts to grow or become sore. This is because some types of testicular cancer can make high levels of hormones that affect the breast. Some people may also notice a loss of sexual desire.
  • Signs of early puberty in boys: some types of cancer the testicles make the male sex hormone. This may not cause specific symptoms in men, but in boys it can cause signs of puberty, such as deepening of the voice and growth of facial and body hair, at an early age.

Symptoms of testicular cancer that has spread
If testicular cancer is not found early, it can spread to other parts of the body. Even when the cancer has spread, there still may be no symptoms. But some people may have some of the following:
  • Low back pain of cancer that has spread to the lymph nodes behind the abdomen. (Lymph nodes are sized nuts collection of immune cells.)
  • Shortness of breath, chest pain or a cough (even coughing up blood) from cancer spread in the lungs.
  • Belly pain, either from enlarged lymph nodes, or cancer has spread to the liver.
  • Headache or confusion of cancer spread to the brain.

Non-cancer causes symptoms in the testicle or testicles

Problems in addition to cancer can also cause symptoms. Because it is difficult to determine the cause based on symptoms alone, it is very important to have a change in the testicle or testicles Checked by a healthcare provider.

Some of the conditions that can cause bump of the testicles, swelling and pain include:
  • Testicular torsion
  • Injury
  • Infection
  • Hydrocele
  • Varikosel
  • Cyst/spermatocele epididymal
  • Inguinal Hernia
  • Kidney stones


How to Check For Testicular Cancer ? Testicular torsion

In dealing with torsion (TOR-shun), one of the testicles gets twisted inside the scrotum. This cut off the blood supply to the testicle, epididymis, and other structures, causing pain sudden, severe pain in the scrotum swelling and redness. Can also cause abdominal pain or nausea and vomiting.

Testicular torsion occurs most often in young men, but may occur later in life. It is often diagnosed using ULTRASOUND of the testicles/scrotum. Torsion is a medical emergency that needs to be addressed immediately. Surgery is required to untwist the testicle, which restores the blood supply. If torsion is not treated within a few hours, the testicle can die and will have to be removed.

Injury
Physical injury to the scrotum or testicle can cause pain right way, or it may cause slowly worsening pain and swelling later on as the scrotum fills with blood. (This is known as a hematocele [hee-MAT-oh-seel].) Sometimes treatment may be needed to stop the bleeding, but the problem may get better on my own.

Testicular injury can be very painful, but it does not cause cancer.

Infection

Infection in the abdominal area of the scrotum is usually caused by bacteria or virus.

Epididymitis (EP-ih-did-ih-MY-tis) is inflammation of the epididymis, the coiled tubes in each testes that stores sperm. This can be caused by sexually transmitted infection, but can also be caused by other types of infection. Epididymitis can cause:
  • Pain and swelling on one side of the scrotum. The pain tends to come slowly, and spread to the sides or back.
  • Pain when passing urine
  • Fever
  • Milk out of the penis
  • If the infection is caused by bacteria, antibiotics will often make the symptoms go away completely. But if this problem continues after You have taken antibiotics, You need to go back to the health care provider.

Orchitis (or-KIE-tis) occurs when the testicle(s) become inflamed. Can cause pain swelling in one or both testicles. It can also be damaging to fertility (making it more difficult to get a woman pregnant).

Orchitis can be caused by bacteria, including those that cause infections of sexually transmitted diseases and epididymitis. In fact, epididymitis and orchitis can occur at the same time. Mumps virus can also cause orchitis.

Hydrocele

Sometimes the testicles can be felt enlarged because fluid has collected around it. This is called a hydrocele (HI-dro-seel). It is usually painless unless it grows too large. Sometimes the pain can spread to the lower belly or back. Hydroceles can have many causes. They are usually harmless and rarely need to be treated. Hydroceles is often diagnosed by ULTRASOUND of the testes and scrotum.

Varikosel

In the varikosel (VAR-ih-ko-seel), veins in the scrotum get very large (dilate). This can cause swelling and lumpiness around the testicle. It has been described as a feeling of the scrotum as a "bag of Worms." It is usually painless, but can cause a feeling of heaviness in the scrotum. Varicoceles can be diagnosed by physical exam or with an ULTRASOUND of the testicles and scrotum. They usually do not need to be treated.

Cyst/spermatocele epididymal

Cyst epididymal (EP-ih-Did-ih-mul cist) may also be called a spermatocele (spur-MAT-oh-seel). This is a sac filled with fluid like a hydrocele, but containing the fluid in the sperm cells. It is usually a small lump, without pain in the scrotum that is not connected to the testicle. These cysts are very common, and rarely need to be treated. They are often diagnosed with an ULTRASOUND of the testicles and scrotum.

Inguinal Hernia

Inguinal Hernia (ING-gwin-uhl her-NEE-uh) is located in the groin. A Hernia is caused by the spots are defective or weak in the muscles of the lower abdominals (the abdominal wall), which allows structures in the abdomen, such as fatty tissue and/or the loop of the intestine, enter into the scrotum. There may be a slight lump or bulge in groin or scrotum. The lump may be easier to see or feel when standing up. It is sometimes painful, especially when bending over, lifting something heavy, coughing, or straining to pass urine or have a bowel movement.

Most of the time the hernia is not dangerous, but Your doctor may recommend surgery to repair it, especially if it cause pain or get bigger. Surgery can help prevent a problem called strangulation (STRANG-You-lay-shun). This is when part of the intestine stuck in the crotch, cut off the blood supply. This causes severe pain, nausea, and vomiting, and need to be treated immediately because it can be life threatening.

Kidney stones

Kidney stones are small crystals form in the kidney and can get stuck in the tube leading to the bladder (ureters [YUR-uh-ters]). The stones can cause severe pain, most often in the back or abdomen. This pain can extend into the scrotum. Many people also have nausea and vomiting. Blood is often found in the urine, but it may not be seen with the naked eye. Large stones may need to be removed using surgery or other procedures.

Check yourself: handle self-exam

Most health care providers agree that checking the testicles of a male should be part of the exam routine physical. And some doctors recommend that all men examine their testicles monthly after puberty.

Here's how to do it if You decide self-exam is right for You.

How to handle self-exam

The best time to do a self-exam is during or after a bath or shower, when the skin of the scrotum is relaxed.
  • Hold Your penis out of the way and check one testicle at a time.
  • Hold the testicle between the thumb and fingers of both Your hands and roll it gently between Your fingers.
  • The look and feel for a hard lump of any kind or smooth rounded bumps or changes in size, shape, or consistency of the testicles.

It's normal for one testicle to be slightly larger than the other, and for one to hang lower than the other. You should also know that each testicle normally has a small, coiled tube (epididymis) which can feel like a small lump on the outer side of the top or middle of the testicle. Normal testes also have blood vessels, supporting tissues, and tubes that carry sperm. Some people may be confused with an abnormal lump in the beginning. If You have any concerns, ask Your health care provider.

If You check the testicles regularly, in time You will learn what is normal for You and will be able to tell when something is different.

What if You found something different?

If You find something unusual or something You are not sure about, self-exam or any other time, see a health care provider immediately.

The provider will ask if You are experiencing any symptoms (such as pain) and how long You've had them. During the physical examination, the provider will feel Your testicles for swelling or tenderness and the size and location of any bump. The provider may also examine the abdomen (belly), groin areas and other parts of Your body, looking for signs of the possible spread of the cancer.

If anything abnormal is found, ULTRASOUND can be performed to see the scrotum and the testicles. This is the the easy way find out if there are any tumors or other problems. Other tests may be done also.