Carcinoid Tumor Lung Prognosis, Symptoms, And Treatment

Carcinoid Tumor Lung Prognosis, Symptoms, And Treatment

Carcinoid tumor lung prognosis, symptoms, and treatment - The carcinoid lung tumor is rare and tends to grow slower than other lung cancers. They include special cell types called hormonal neurons. To understand the carcinoid lung tumor, it helps to know something about the normal structure and function of the lungs and the endocrine system.

The lungs are 2 foam bodies on your chest. Your right lungs have 3 parts, called lobes. The left lung has two lobes. It is smaller because the heart occupies the space on the side of the body. As you inhale, the air crosses the mouth and nose and enters your lungs through the gas govern (throat). Carcinoid tumor lung. The gas administration is divided into tubes called the bronchial (single, bronchial), entering the lungs and divided into small branches called bronchially. At the beginning of the bronchial is the small airbag called Alveolar.

Many small blood vessels flow through the alveolar. They absorb oxygen from the air inhaled into your bloodstream and remove carbon dioxide (the products exhaust out of the body) into the alveolar. This is removed from the body when you breathe out. Carcinoid tumor lung. Taking oxygen and removing carbon dioxide is the main function of the lungs.

A thin layer called the lung membrane surrounds the lungs. Pleura protects your lungs and helps them slide forward and aft as they expand and shrink when breathing. The inner chest space of the lungs is called the pulmonary membrane space (or the pleurisy cavity). Under the lungs, a thin, arch-shaped muscle is called the diaphragm separating the chest from the abdomen. When you breathe, the diaphragm moves up and down, forcing the air into and out of the lungs.

1. Diffuses the endocrine system. The carcinoid tumors begin from the diffuse endocrine nerve cells. This system consists of cells like neurons in certain ways and like hormonal cells generate hormones in other ways. These cells do not form the actual organs such as the adrenal glands or the thyroid gland. Instead, they spread throughout the body in organs such as lung, stomach, and intestines.

Hormonal neurons create hormones such as adrenaline and similar substances. In the lungs, it can help control the flow of air and blood flow and can help control the growth of other lung cells. Hormonal neurons can detect oxygen and carbon dioxide levels in the air we breathe and then release the chemical messages to help the lungs regulate this change. People who live at higher altitude have more endocrine pulmonary cells than, perhaps because there is less oxygen than in the air they breathe.

2. Type of endocrine nerve tumor. Like most cells in your body, pulmonary endocrine cells sometimes undergo certain changes that cause them to grow too much and form tumors. This is called hormonal tumors or cancer Endocrine nerve. The carcinoid tumor is a type of hormonal nerve tumor.

The hormonal tumors can grow anywhere in the body. The endocrine tumors begin in the digestive system, a more common location for these tumors, which are discussed in the tumors of the digestive carcinoid and pancreatic cancer. There are 4 types of neuroendocrine lung tumors. Starting with the fastest growth, it is: small cell lung cancer, large nerve cell carcinoma, atypical carcinoid tumors, and typical carcinoid tumors. In this post, the atypical carcinoid tumors, and typical carcinoid tumors consist of prognosis, symptoms, and treatment.

What is a Carcinoid Tumor of The Lung?

The carcinoid lung tumors are a type of lung cancer, which is cancer that begins in the lungs. Cancer begins when the cells begin to grow out of control. Cells in virtually all parts of the body can become cancerous and can spread (metastasis) to other parts of the body. However, this is not always the case. The carcinoid tumors are also referred to as the "slow-acting cancer" as they grow slowly. The carcinoid lung tumors appear the same in women and men, usually between the ages of 45 to 55.

The carcinoid tumors begin in the small intestine, but about 25% of them begin in the lungs. They only constitute a small proportion of all lung cancers. Some carcinoid tumors, especially those arising from the digestive tract or appendicitis, cause hormones can cause some symptoms. The carcinoid tumors in the lungs tend to cause hormones.

There are two types of carcinoid lung tumors: typical and atypical. When viewed under the microscope, typical carcinoid tumors are very different and atypical. The typical carcinoid tumors are more common than 9 times more atypical carcinoid. The typical carcinoid tends to grow slowly and rarely spread beyond the lungs. About 9 out of 10 carcinoid lungs are typical carcinoid. Atypical cancer grows slightly faster and is likely to spread to other organs. They are more cell than in the process of dividing and the tumor that looks much faster. They are less common than conventional carcinoid.

What Lung Carcinoid Tumor Symptoms? Sometimes, the carcinoid lung tumors do not cause any symptoms, usually, they are detected when radiography for other conditions. But if you have no symptoms, the severity depends on the size of the tumor and whether it has caused the abnormal hormones or not. Read more about carcinoid tumor lung prognosis, symptoms, and treatment. Carcinoid in the lungs causes symptoms due to hormones passing through the liver and enters the blood. However, the carcinoid lungs are less likely to cause more carcinoid syndrome. The symptoms of carcinoid pulmonary potential may experience the following symptoms or signs including:

A cough continuously with or without the expectorant or bloody phlegm, coughing up blood, shortness of breath or wheezing, pneumonia (lung infections), redness, diarrhea, fast heart rate, weight gain and increase in facial hair and body.

How To Carcinoid Tumor Diagnosis? The carcinoid tumors can be seen on radiography and CT. When the tumor detects, the doctor will need to remove cells from the tumor so that they can be checked under the microscope. This is known as a biopsy. A lung biopsy can be done in several ways:

1. In a bronchial tube, a fiber optic tube is inserted into your throat and moved to your lungs. The doctor will check the tumor and can remove the cells to be tested. This procedure is most effective when the tumor is located near the lung center.

2. A metal biopsy removes the tumor from a tumor on the lungs side, closer to your chest. Guided by a CT, the doctor will insert a long needle between the ribs and use it to get the tissue out of the tumor.

3. The chest is an open chest surgery. In some cases, this process may be necessary to remove tissues for making biopsy. Sometimes, the chest cavity can be inserted by using a thoracic tube, a tube allowing the doctor to see and remove the tissue piece to take the biopsy. This method may be less traumatic than open tanks.

4. In the Thoracic Surgery (VATS) support, your surgeon makes a small incision in the chest. Next, one has to put a tube with a small camcorder into the middle of the inside of the chest and lungs. In this way, your surgeon can look directly into the lungs to define abnormal lung tissue. He can use a similar tube to guide abnormal tissue biopsy tools. The patterns are sent to the lab to check under the microscope.

5. Your doctor may also require blood and urine tests to find any abnormal hormones that can cause tumors. You may be asked to obtain urine for 24 hours.

6. A test called octreotide radiation can help determine whether the carcinoid tumors are spread out to the lungs or not. A small amount of radioactive drugs are injected into veins. The drug is attracted by the carcinoid tumors. Your doctor will use radioactive detectors to see if the drug has accumulated. Similar tests use Meta-Iodobenzylguanidine (MIBG) radioactive substances. Also, PET scanning, which looks at the tumor metabolism, is often used to determine if cancer has spread.

How to carcinoid tumor lung prognosis? Because the carcinoid tumor grows and spreads slowly, they are usually detected in early stages. The number of typical carcinoid tumors at the early stages of the lungs is usually very good. The atypical carcinoid tumors are more likely to spread to the neighboring tissues or lymph nodes. The lower survival rate for those with atypical carcinoid tumors and tumors has spread to other parts of the body.

Carcinoid Tumor Lung Treatment

Surgery is the primary treatment for the carcinoid tumors, the correct procedure depends on the location of the tumor. If you are on the respiratory tract, the surgeon can remove the breathing index containing the tumor. If the tumor is located at the edge of the lungs, the surgeon will take a small piece of lung. The larger tumors or multiple tumors may require the elimination of lobes or the entire lungs.

For the production of carcinoid in the digestive tract, the most appropriate treatment is the surgical removal of tumors and lymph nodes around them. Additional treatment will depend on whether a surgeon can remove the entire tumor and if cancer has spread to the lymph nodes.

Chemotherapy does not work well in carcinoid tumors. At present, it is used only when the tumor has spread to other parts of the body and when the side effects can be tolerated.

If your tumor causes hormones to cause unpleasant symptoms, the doctor may prescribe octreotide (Sandostatin). This medication can reduce flushing, diarrhea and other symptoms. There is some evidence that it can also help prevent or reverse the growth of tumors. However, octreotide is not a drug. It is used only when the disease has spread.

The octreotide version is long-term, provided monthly, available. The same medicines can be used 10 days a day. Alpha-interferon can be used together with octreotide. It stimulates the immune system, which can help shrink tumors and help relieve symptoms.

Researchers are studying MIBG, a type of chemical that is used to see whether the tumor is spread out beyond the lungs or not, as a possible remedy. Because MIBG is absorbed by carcinoid cells and hurting it, it can shrink the tumor efficiently and relieve symptoms.

Carcinoid tumor lung - Like cancer, carcinoid tumors will continue to grow until they are treated. And even if these tumors seem to heal, they will likely come back. Unlike most lung tumors, the carcinoid tumor has not been associated with smoking, air pollution, or chemical exposure. There is no way to prevent this type of cancer. And when do you see a doctor? Most people are diagnosed with the lung carcinoid tumor-symptoms of symptoms. (tumors are usually found when radiography for other reasons.) But if you have no symptoms, go see your doctor as soon as possible. You have read the article on carcinoid tumor lung prognosis, symptoms, and treatment. May be useful.