Metastatic Cancer Life Expectancy Liver

Metastatic Cancer Life Expectancy Liver

Metastatic cancer life expectancy liver - What is liver metastasis? Liver metastasis is a cancerous tumor that spreads to the liver against cancer that starts elsewhere in the body. It is also called secondary liver cancer. Primary liver cancer comes from the liver and often affects individuals with risk factors such as hepatitis or cirrhosis. Most of the time, cancer in the liver is secondary or metastatic.

The cancer cells found in metastatic liver tumors are not liver cells. The important cancer sites in the talks are the cells of the body part (eg, breast, colon, or lung cells) that begin. Other names of this condition are liver metastasis, liver metastases, and stage IVs or advanced cancer.

What is a liver function? It is important to understand the role of the liver in your body in order to be able to understand liver metastases. The heart is the largest organ in the body and is important for life. The liver is divided into two lobes and is located right under the ribs and lungs.

The work involves the liver: (makes bile help digestion of fats, renewing the blood purifier of toxins and making enzymes that initiate a wide variety of proteins, used throughout the body, and a variety of metabolic functions of the body To join and store glycogen is the sugar that the body uses for energy). You need to know that the liver is one of the most important organs in the body. It's impossible to live without a functioning heart.

What is Metastatic Cancer Symptoms?

Metastatic cancer life expectancy liver - There may be no symptoms in the early stages of liver metastases. At a later stage, cancer can cause the liver to swell or to prevent the normal flow of blood and bile. In this case, the following symptoms may occur: appetite, weight loss, dark urine, swelling of the abdomen or bloating, jaundice, yellow or white portion of the eye skin, loss of pain right from the shoulder, right upper abdomen, nausea pain, vomiting, confusion, sweating and fever and enlarged Liver. And if the heart is enlarged, you need to know that the lump can be felt on the right side of the abdomen under the rib cage.

What causes liver metastases? Cancer will spread to the liver, or the risk of metastasis depends on the location of original cancer. Breast, colon, rectum, kidney, esophagus, lung, skin, ovary, uterus, pancreas, stomach: Most primary cancers that can spread to the liver are cancer. Even if the primary cancer is removed, liver metastases may occur after a few years. If you have cancer, it is important to learn the symptoms of liver metastasis and take routine checks.

Diagnosis of Metastatic Liver Cancer

Metastatic cancer life expectancy liver - If the liver's surface is not smooth or if one of the symptoms above is reported, your doctor may suspect liver cancer if it is suspected of liver cancer. You will need several tests to verify the diagnosis. These tests include the following:
  • Liver function tests. The liver function test is a blood test that shows how well it works. Liver enzyme levels are often increased when problems arise. Blood markers or serum are substances that are related to cancer. When primary liver cancer is present, there may be detectable levels of alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) in the blood. Liver function tests can help differentiate between primary liver cancer and liver metastases. AFP markers can also be used to monitor the effects of primary liver cancer treatment.
  • Abdominal CT Scan. Computed tomography (CT) scanning is a special type of X-ray that takes in detail the visual appearance of soft tissue organs. The cancer tissue will have a view eaten by moths.
  • Ultrasonography of the liver. Ultrasound, also called sonography, sends high-frequency sound waves from the body. This sound wave creates an echo. Eko, then, is used to make computerized computer images of the soft tissue structure of the body.
  • MRI. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) creates very clear images of internal organs and soft tissue structures. It uses radio waves, large magnets, and computers.
  • Angiogram. In an angiogram, the dye is injected into the artery. When the image is taken from the body along the arterial path, it can produce a very contrasting image of the internal structure.
  • Laparoscopy. Laparoscopy is a narrow tube with a mild and biopsy (tissue sample) tool. A laparoscope is inserted through a small incision and a biopsy is taken to be examined under a microscope. Laparoscopy is the least invasive minimally invasive procedure for diagnosing cancer.

Metastatic Liver Cancer Treatment Options

Secondary liver cancer treatment prognosis - Some options are currently being used to treat cancer spread over the liver. In most cases, treatment will be palliative. This means that it will be used to control the symptoms of cancer and prolong life, but not to produce healing. Generally, treatment options will depend on: The person's general age and health; The size, location, and a number of metastatic tumors, the location, and type of primary cancer, and types of cancer treatments that patients have in the past.

Systemic therapy. Systemic cancer therapy treats the whole body in the bloodstream. These therapies include the following:

1. Chemotherapy. Chemotherapy is a form of treatment that uses medication to kill cancer cells. It targets the rapidly growing and replicating cells, including some healthy cells. The drug can be administered through the mouth or by injecting it into a vein or artery that feeds the liver. Individuals may have various side effects of chemotherapy depending on the drug used and the individual response of the patient. Complications of chemotherapy include fatigue, easy bruising, hair loss, nausea and vomiting, swollen feet, diarrhea, and mouth sores. These side effects are usually temporary.

2. Biological Response Modification Therapy (BRM). BRM treatment is a treatment that uses antibodies, growth factors and vaccines to improve or improve the immune system. This helps your immune system to fight cancer. Other cancer treatments of BRM treatment have no usual side effects and can be well tolerated in most cases.

3. Targeted treatment. Targeted treatment also kills cancer cells, but it is more appropriate. Unlike chemotherapy drugs, targeted therapies can distinguish between cancer and healthy cells. These drugs can kill cancer cells and leave the cells fully healthy. The targeted treatment has different side effects than some other cancer treatments. Severe side effects include fatigue and diarrhea. Sorafenib (Nexavar) is an oral drug that can extend survival in patients with advanced liver cancer (up to three months). The side effects of sorafenib (Nexavar) include fatigue, redness, high blood pressure, hand and foot injuries, and loss of appetite.

4. Hormonal therapy. Hormonal therapy can slow or stop the growth of certain types of tumors, such as breast and prostate cancer, that are related to growth hormones.

5. Embolization: Preventing blood flow to cancer can be done using a procedure called Embolization. This technique uses a catheter to inject particles or beads that can block the blood vessels that feed cancer. Cancer fasting prevents the growth of blood flow in the bloodstream. Since this technique uses chemotherapy and synthetic compounds, it is sometimes referred to as chemo-embolization because it blocks the blood supply and captures chemotherapy agents in tumors. This technique is usually used in patients with large liver cancer for palpation. The complications of embolization include fever, abdominal pain, nausea, and vomiting.

Local therapy. Local therapy only targets tumor cells and close tissues. Liver tumors are small and can be used when the number is.

1. Radiation treatment. This treatment uses high-energy radiation to kill cancer cells and to shrink the tumors. Normal liver cells are very sensitive to radiation. The complications of radiation therapy include treatment, fatigue, nausea, and vomiting rather than near skin irritation. May come: radiation machines, such as external ray radiation; Radioactive material placed in the body near cancer cells known as internal radiation; Radioactive substances that move through the blood circulation.

2. Radiofrequency ablation (RFA). RFA is widely used to treat primary liver cancer and can be used to treat liver metastases. RFA is a procedure that uses high-frequency electrical currents to create heat that destroys cancer cells. Only a few tumors affecting a small liver are surgically removed. This is a procedure that kills cancer cells in the liver without surgery. Doctors can kill cancer cells by injecting heat, lasers, or alcohol or special acids directly into the cancerous. This technique can also be used in palliative care when cancer cannot be operated.

3. Surgery: Liver cancer can sometimes be surgically treated to remove the liver with cancer. Surgical options are offered for smaller cancer tumor sizes. Complications arising from surgery may include bleeding (severe), infection, pneumonia or side effects of anesthesia.

4. Liver transplantation: Doctors replace cancerous liver with a healthy heart from others. This is often used in very small liver tumors that cannot be operated (unworkable or removed) in patients with advanced cirrhosis. Liver transplant surgery may have the same complications as mentioned above for surgery. In addition, among the complications of liver transplant drugs, liver transplantation, immune system suppression, high blood pressure, high cholesterol, diabetes, the possibility of infection due to the weakening of the kidneys and bones and increased body hair can take place.

5. Clinical trials: Clinical trials are a way of showing special attention in a carefully controlled manner to determine whether a new therapeutic approach is better than safe, effective and available treatments. New therapies can be medications, instruments, other ways to do surgery, a combination of two or more drugs, or a treatment method or a diet. The government is holding a website at, where more information about liver cancer studies is available. The research from clinical trials, including statistics that support the effectiveness of the tested interventions, reveals the ways in which new treatment methods and medical care standards for all types of liver cancer are changed Important.

Secondary Liver Cancer Prognosis Life Expectancy

Metastatic cancer life expectancy liver - The selected medical treatment depends on how much cancer is spread and the overall health of the liver. For example, liver cirrhosis (scarification) level can determine the treatment options for cancer. Similarly, the spread and enlargement of cancer outside the liver tissue plays an important role in the types of treatment options that may be most effective.

The chance of recovery and how good the life expectancy is, above all, depends on the stage in which liver cancer occurs: the size and number of the tumor that is important for the prognosis. The sooner the disease is diagnosed, the greater the chance of recovery. However, because liver cancer is often delayed, most liver cancer is detected in the advanced stage. Read: Metastatic Liver Cancer Prognosis.

What is important for the possibility of recovery is whether it is primary or secondary liver cancer. In the case of secondary liver cancer, life expectancy largely depends on how basic cancer develops. If there is a primary liver cancer that can be removed surgically, more than 50 percent of patients have a life expectancy of more than 5 years.

However, in many cases, liver cancer has shown that the chances of diagnosis are less than ever. Especially if cancer metastasis has been formed, it significantly improves the chances of recovery. If palliative treatment is applied under these conditions, the average life expectancy is between six and twelve months. Without such therapy, life expectancy is lower.

In almost all cases, the primary cancer is not treated after it is spread or metastasized to the liver. However, existing treatments can help increase the expectation of life and reduce symptoms. The relative success of the treatment depends on the location of primary cancer and how much it has spread to the liver. Research is currently seeking new ways to fight and kill cancer cells, such as hyperstimulation of the immune response and disrupting individual steps in a metastatic process.

Any liver cancer prevention tips? There is no safe way to protect from cancer, but you can significantly reduce the risk of developing liver cancer by preventing liver cirrhosis. Liver cirrhosis is usually caused by hepatitis B or hepatitis C. There is no such thing as hepatitis C while one person protects themselves with a vaccine against hepatitis B. Individuals suffering from hepatitis B or C should be treated early to prevent chronic inflammation in the liver.

Metastatic cancer life expectancy liver - The liver disease is often caused by excessive alcohol consumption. Those who consume too much alcohol increase the risk of cirrhosis significantly. Drinking less or no alcohol is an effective way to protect yourself from liver cancer. If you have cirrhosis of the liver, you should check your liver regularly to diagnose the possibility of cancer in the early stages.