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Testicular Cancer Screening: What is screening?

Testicular cancer screening: What is screening?

Screening is looking for cancer before a person has any symptoms. This can help find cancer at an early stage. When abnormal tissue or cancer is found early, it may be easier to treat. By the time symptoms appear, cancer may have begun to spread.
Testicular Cancer Screening

Scientists are trying to better understand the people who are more likely to get certain types of cancer. They also study the things we do and the things around us to see if they cause cancer. This information helps doctors recommend who should be screened for cancer, a screening test that should be used, and how often the test should be done.

It is important to remember that the doctor You don't necessarily think You have cancer if he proposed a screening test. Screening tests are given when You have no cancer symptoms.

If screening test results are normal, You may need to have tests done to find out if You have cancer. This is called a diagnostic test.

General information about testicular cancer

Key Points

  • Cancer is a disease in which the shape of the malignant cells (cancer) in the tissues of one or both testicles.
  • Cancer is the most common cancer in men aged 15-34 years.
  • Testicular cancer can usually be cured.
  • A condition called cryptorchidism (an testicle) is a risk factor for testicular cancer.


Cancer is a disease in which the shape of the malignant cells (cancer) in the tissues of one or both testicles.

The testes are egg-shaped 2 glands in the scrotum (the sac of loose skin that lies directly below the penis). Testicles held in the scrotum by the cord spermatic. Cord spermatic also contains the vas deferens and vessels and nerves of the testicles.

Testicles the male sex glands and make testosterone and sperm. Germ cells in the testes to make sperm that is not mature. Sperm's travel through a network of tubules (small tubes) and larger tubes into the epididymis (a long tube coiled in the testicles). This is where the sperm mature and are stored.

Almost all cancers of the testicles start in the germ cells. The two main types of germ cell tumors of testicular seminomas and nonseminomas.

See the PDQ summaries on the treatment of testicular cancer for more information about testicular cancer.

Cancer is the most common cancer in men aged 15-34 years.

Handle cancer is very rare, but it is the most common cancer found in people between the ages of 15 and 34. White males are four times more likely than black men to have testicular cancer

Testicular cancer can usually be cured.

Although the number of new cases of testicular cancer has doubled in the last 40 years, the number of deaths due to testicular cancer has decreased greatly because of better care. Cancer can usually be cured, even in the late stages of the disease. (See the summary of the PDQ on the treatment of testicular cancer for more information.)

A condition called cryptorchidism (an testicle) is a risk factor for testicular cancer.

Anything that increases the chance of getting the disease are called risk factors. Having a risk factor does not mean that You will get cancer; not having risk factors does not mean that You will not get cancer. Talk with Your doctor if You think You might be at risk. Risk factors for testicular cancer include:
  • Having cryptorchidism (an the testicles).
  • Have a testicle that is not normal, such as small testicles that don't work as it should.
  • After handling the carcinoma in situ.
  • Be white.
  • Have a personal or family history of testicular cancer.
  • Have Klinefelter's syndrome.

Testicular Cancer Screening

Men who have cryptorchidism, a testicle that is not normal, or testicular carcinoma in situ have an increased risk of testicular cancer in one or both testicles, and need to be followed closely.

The tests used for various types of cancer.

Some screening tests are used because they have been proven to help in finding cancer early and reduce the likelihood of death due to cancer. Other tests are used because they have been proven to find cancer in some people; However, it has not been proven in clinical trials that the use of this test will reduce the risk of death due to cancer.

Scientists study screening tests to find those with the fewest risks and the most benefits. Cancer screening trials also are meant to show whether early detection (finding cancer before it causes symptoms) reduces the chance of people die from the disease. For some types of cancer, the chances of recovery are better if the disease is found and treated at an early stage.

Information about clinical trials that are ongoing are available from the NCI Web.

There is no test standard or routine screening for testicular cancer.

There is no standard or routine used for early detection of testicular cancer screening test. Most often, testicular cancer is first found by humans, either by chance or during a self-exam. Sometimes the cancer is found by a doctor for physical exam routinely.

No research has been conducted to determine if the handle self-exams, routine exams by a doctor, or a screening test the other in men with no symptoms would decrease the risk of death from this disease. However, routine screening may not reduce the risk of death from testicular cancer. This is partly because usually the cancer can be cured at any stage. Finding testicular cancer early may make it easier to treat. Patients diagnosed with testicular cancer that has not spread to other parts of the body may need less chemotherapy and surgery, resulting in fewer side effects.

If the lump found in testicles by patient or during physical exam routine, the test can be performed to check for cancer. Some tests have risks, and can cause anxiety.

About PDQ

Physician Data Query (PDQ) is the National Cancer Institute (NCI) database information comprehensive cancer. PDQ database contains summaries Ordering information published on cancer prevention, Detection, genetics, treatment, supportive care and complementary and alternative medicine. Most summaries come two versions. Version of health professionals have the information written in the language of technical detail. Version of the patient written in a language that is easily understood, nontechnical. Both versions have cancer information that is accurate and up-to-date and most versions are also available in Spanish.

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The purpose of this summary

Cancer information PDQ, this summary has current information about screening for testicular cancer. It is intended to inform and help patients, families and caregivers. It does not provide guidance on formal or recommendations for making decisions about health care.

Reviewers and updates

Editorial Boards write the summary of the cancer information PDQ and keep them up to date. This board consists of experts in cancer treatment and other specialties related to cancer. The summary is reviewed regularly and changes made when there is new information. The date on each summary ("date last modified") is the date of the Booking changes.

The information in the patient summary is taken from the version of health professional, reviewed periodically and updated as needed, by the PDQ screening and prevention Editorial Board.

Information clinical trial

A clinical trial is a study to answer scientific questions, such as whether one treatment is better than another. The exam is based on past studies and what has been learned in the laboratory. Hearing each answer scientific questions particular to find the way-new and better ways to help cancer patients. During treatment clinical trials, information is collected about the effects of the new treatment and how well it works. If a clinical trial shows that a new treatment is better than the one currently being used, the new treatment may become "standard." Patients may want to think about taking part in a clinical trial. Some clinical trials are open only to patients who have not started treatment.

Clinical trials are listed in PDQ and can be found online at NCI's website. Many cancer doctors who take part in clinical trials are also listed in PDQ. For more information, contact the cancer information 1-800-4-CANCER (1-800-422-6237).

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