Papillary Thyroid Cancer Symptoms

Papillary Thyroid Cancer Symptoms

Papillary thyroid cancer symptoms, causes, and papillary thyroid cancer staging - Papillary cancer of the thyroid gland are sometimes also called carcinoma of cancer glandular types, which are the most common. You might even hear your doctor talk about cancer of the thyroid gland, which means that the cancer has spread outside the thyroid gland. This article will focus on the basics of cancer of the thyroid gland, including papillary, treatment and predictions.

The most common is carcinoma tumors of the thyroid gland. About 80% of all cases of thyroid cancer is papillary cancer tumors. Papillary thyroid cancer symptoms - The most widely used is that thyroid cancer has absolutely no symptoms. The most common symptom is, however, mass on the neck. Papillary carcinoma usually appears as a mass of dense, irregular or cystic acne, which comes from the ordinary thyroid tissue. This type of cancer has a high survival rate of 10 years for all patients with papillary cancer of the thyroid gland, which is estimated at more than 90%. Cervical metastasis (spread to lymph nodes in the neck) is found in 50% of carcinoma of the small papillary and more than 75% of the papilloma thyroid glands. See also: Thyroid Cancer Treatment Side Effects.

Papillary thyroid cancer symptoms - The presence of metastatic lymph nodes in the cervical region usually has a more frequent frequency of recurrence but has a higher mortality rate. The spread of thyroid cancer is far from papillary is called metastasis. Distant metastasis from papillary on thyroid cancer is rare, but when it does, it can spread to the lungs, liver, and bones. Papillary cancer of the thyroid gland, which attacks the surrounding tissue of the thyroid gland, has a much worse prognosis due to the high rate of local recurrence.

Papillary Thyroid Cancer Symptoms

Papillary thyroid cancer symptoms - Cancer Thyroid occurs in the cells of the thyroid gland, shaped butterfly, located at the foot of your neck, just under your Adam's apple. The thyroid glands produce hormones that regulate heart rate, blood pressure, body temperature, and weight. Although thyroid cancer is not in the United states usual, it seems that this rate is increasing. Doctors think that because the new technology allows them to discover a small cancer of the thyroid gland, which was not in the past found.

What is with these symptoms of thyroid cancer? Thyroid cancer usually does not cause signs or symptoms in early disease. Papillary thyroid cancer symptoms - In the growth of carcinoma of the thyroid gland can cause: a Lump that can be felt the skin on the neck, changing Your voice, including growing lumps, the difficulty of the conspiracy, the pain in the throat and neck and swelling of the lymph nodes in the neck

And what the distinctive characteristics of the papillary of the thyroid gland? Usually, it is peak time 30 to 50 years. Papillary against thyroid cancer occurs more often in women than in men, by comparing the ratio of 3:1. At this stage it is an exact prognosis is directly associated with the size of the tumor, less than 1.5 cm is a good prognosis and directly related with age. Papillary thyroid cancer symptoms - In addition, patients younger than 55 years much better than patients older than 55 years. Cancer account for 85% of thyroid cancer due to radiation exposure and more than 50% of cases with spread to the lymph nodes of the neck. Further spreads to other organs, such as lungs, liver or bones rare. Data on the total recovery are very high (approaching 100% for small lesions in young patients).

Papillary Thyroid Cancer Causes

Cells of the thyroid gland to become cancerous when a genetic disorder causing mutation. This disorder is often caused by environmental factors (e.g. exposure to radiation). In some cases, can be inferred gene abnormalities. Often, however, it is not clear why it happened. This gene mutation causes the cells to grow and multiply. Unlike healthy cells are abnormal cells the dead. When these cells swarm in number, eventually forming a tumor. From there, they could also attack the healthy tissue in other parts of the body.

Scientists believe that changes in certain genes cause abnormal and divide thyroid cells, which can lead to the development of cancer papillary of the thyroid. Papillary thyroid cancer symptoms - There are several genes that are associated with this form of thyroid cancer:

1. Gene mutation of the gene RET/PTC: RET/PTC is clearly visible in 10% to 30% of patients with thyroid cancer, although it is more common in children or in those who are never exposed to radiation.

2. Gene BRAF gene: a gene mutation of the BRAF gene occurs in 30% to 70% of patients. Unlike BRAF mutations in LIP, less common in children and those who have been exposed to radiation. Scientists believe that the mutation of the BRAF gene generates a more aggressive cancer, which often metastasizes (spreads to other parts of the body).

Papillary thyroid cancer symptoms - Scientists also joined the NTRK1 genetic changes and met with papillary cancer of the thyroid gland. It is, however, a need to do more research to determine what this mutation triggers, and if they can cause the thyroid papillary carcinoma of the thyroid.

Papillary Thyroid Cancer Staging

Thyroid cancer ranges from stage I (1) to IV (4). The rule of thumb is that the lower the number, the less spread cancer. Higher amounts, for example, stage IV means that cancer has spread more. And in the previous stage, the letters stand for the stages. Even if it is the experience of cancer each person unique, in the same stadium with cancer has a tendency to the same view and often treated the same way.

How it sets the stage? A working system, which is most often used for thyroid cancer, is the TNM system AJCC (American joint committee on cancer), which is based on 3 main information: large-scale or the size of the tumor (T): How much of cancer? Grows in the near the building? Extension to nearby lymph nodes (N): cancer has spread to nearby lymph nodes? Extensions to Remote locations (M): cancer has spread to distant organs, such as lungs or liver?

The number or letter after the letter T, N, and M provide more details about each of these factors. Higher numbers mean more cancer. After specifying the categories of T, N and M this information is combined in a process called grouping stages to set the overall phases. For more information, see the staging of cancer.

Working systems in the table below, use the pathological stage (stage surgery). This function is determined by the control network, which was during the operation carried out. Papillary thyroid cancer symptoms - Sometimes, if surgery is not possible immediately or not, will be instead provided to the cancer clinical stage. It is based on the results of the physical examination, the test image, and the biopsy. The clinical phase will be used to assist in treatment planning. Sometimes, however, cancer has spread further than expected, clinical stage and may predict that the patient's opinion is as accurate as a pathological degree.