Multiple Myeloma Blood Cancer

Multiple myeloma blood cancer - Red blood cells in the blood to carry oxygen, platelets that serves to stop bleeding, and blood cells such as leukocytes and lymphocytes responsible for immunity. This is to have an important role to protect every body, from cells called hematopoietic stem cells (hematopoietic), will continue to grow into blood cells with each form and function. This is called process and differentiation.
Multiple Myeloma Blood Cancer

Multiple myeloma (MM: Multiple Myeloma) is a cancer which is one of the blood cells "plasma cells (plasma cells)". plasma cells, out of cells-blood cells are made in the "plant blood" which is called the bone marrow, the cells can be separated from B-cells, a type of white blood cells. this cell has the function to make "antibodies" will protect the body from foreign substances such as bacteria and viruses that invade the body. Plasma cells cancer become myeloma cells, to develop multiple myeloma (cancer). myeloma cells increased in the bone marrow, there is no ability to attack foreign objects, we will continue to make antibodies is not useful (this is called the M protein). Myeloma cells and M protein, can cause a variety of symptoms.

For diseases associated with multiple myeloma: In tumor plasma cells, is the most common disease is multiple myeloma. In addition, there are different types of the disease in plasma cell tumor.

Multiple Myeloma Blood Cancer: Symptoms

Multiple myeloma, "myeloma cells" is to continue to grow mainly in the bone marrow, is a variety of symptoms appear the disease in the body.
See also: Multiple Myeloma Bone Cancer
In multiple myeloma cancer, the myeloma cells develop in the bone marrow, to the process (hematopoiesis) is prevented to produce normal blood cells, and shortness of breath, fatigue due to anemia, infections due to leukopenia, thrombocytopenia by such as the tendency of bleeding will occur. In addition, in order to myeloma cells will occupy the place of normal plasma cells, decline in immune function (reduction in the production of normal antibodies). The next Symptoms by M-protein (immunoglobulins abnormal) that myeloma cells produce limited, kidney failure or disorders of blood circulation (the syndrome of hyperviscosity: flammable only syndrome) will happen. Infection may occur, such as if the decline in immune function pneumonia and urinary tract infections. In addition, osteoclasts are stimulated by myeloma cells (cells to dissolve bone) eventually destroy the organization of the bones, bone pain and pathological fractures, spinal cord (spinal cord) paralysis due to compression ( in addition to such as paralysis), You may hypercalcemia occurs with the calcium began to melt in the blood. In addition, such a function is also lose each organ, it can cause a variety of symptoms.

However, multiple myeloma is also a test case of asymptomatic, blood, not a little also be the first time found indicated an anomaly in a urine test. In general, follow a chronic course, but You might want to continue rarely quick. In addition, individual differences are large even for the symptoms, it will be very important to choose appropriate treatment to meet the patient's medical condition individual.

The syndrome of hyperviscosity: with the M protein in the blood increased in a large amount, the viscosity of the blood increases, the blood circulation worsens the country.

Amyloidosis: a part of the M protein deposited in various tissues, reducing the state functions of the organs.

Compression fracture 3
: destroyed by the intensity of the debilitating weight of the spine (thorn). The bone is weakened by the influence of myeloma cells in multiple myeloma, the possibility of a fracture (pathological fracture).

Symptoms of spinal cord compression: occurs because the deformed spine compressed nerve pain (pain) numb limbs paralysis, refers to a condition, such as failure of urination, defecation.
See also: Multiple Myeloma Cancer Survival Rate

Multiple Myeloma Blood Cancer: Cause

Myeloma cells it has been known that abnormalities of various genes and chromosomes have occurred, but the cause is not clear.

Multiple myeloma blood cancer - Onset less than 40 years is very rare, and increase the amount of the onset of age takes place, there is a tendency to slightly higher for male in the gender. In Japan it is said that the five people to develop per 100,000 people per year. Recently, abnormalities in the blood test a medical examination and a full medical examination found, the diagnosed with multiple myeloma in the inspection precision.